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轩宇艺术古钱币鉴赏:道光通宝和大日本银币

核心提示: 明崇祯十七年是中国历史上的一个多事之秋,在这一年中,闯王李自成领导的农民起义军攻克北京并建立政权,崇祯皇帝煤山上吊自杀,...

明崇祯十七年是中国历史上的一个多事之秋,在这一年中,闯王李自成领导的农民起义军攻克北京并建立政权,崇祯皇帝煤山上吊自杀,明旧将吴三桂引清兵入关进逼北京,闯王不得不率大顺军西撤,满清乘机入京。同年10月,大清定都北京,清世祖爱新觉罗?福临在北京即皇帝位,改元顺治。顺治年间,顺治通宝也未统一定型其币型,按照背文,可分为五种,也就是顺治五式。便是这五式定义了,大清后续的铜钱币型。顺治通宝分五式,一式仿明朝钱币;二式仿唐朝开元通宝、明朝洪武通宝钱制;三式仿唐明朝钱制,在此基础上钤有直书“一厘”标明其币值;四式则是其钱币背面钤有满文“宝源、宝泉”铸局,五式则是将其四式背面满文做更改,采用满汉文,其钱币背面钤有一满文与一汉文,标明其铸局。共有十二局:即“临、宁、原、宣、同、江、东、河、蓟、昌、浙、陕。此后各朝每更改一次年号,新铸一种年号钱,便以此五式为样本进行铸造,从康熙通宝至宣统通宝,共十种。其外还有同治初期铸造的未发行的祺祥通宝。道光通宝亦是仿顺治通宝的五式,又偏向嘉庆通宝。因此道光通宝具有顺治五式的影子,亦有嘉庆通宝的风格。

The seventeen years of Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty was an eventful autumn in Chinese history. In this year, the peasant uprising led by Li Zicheng, the king of Chuang, conquered Beijing and established political power. Emperor Chongzhen hanged himself on the coal mountain. In the old days of the Ming Dynasty, Wu Sangui was led into the pass and forced into Beijing by the Qing army. The king of Chuang had to lead the Dashun army to withdraw to the west, and the Manchu army took the opportunity to enter Beijing. In October of the same year, the capital of the Qing Dynasty was established in Beijing. Aixinjuelu Fulin, the emperor of the Qing Dynasty, became emperor of Beijing and changed his reign to Shunzhi. During the reign of Shunzhi, Tongbao in Shunzhi was not unified in its currency type. According to the inscription, it can be divided into five types, namely, the five types of Shunzhi. These five types define the copper coin types of the Qing Dynasty. There are five types of Tongbao in Shunzhi, which are imitated in Ming Dynasty; two types are imitated in Kaiyuan Tongbao and Hongwu Tongbao of Tang Dynasty; three types are imitated in Tang and Ming Dynasty. On this basis, the seal has a direct letter "one Li" to indicate the value of its currency; the four types have a Manchu inscription "Baoyuan and Baoquan" on the back, and the five types have a change in Manchu on the back of its four types, which are in Manchu, with one on the back Manchu and a Chinese, indicating the casting Bureau. There are 12 bureaus in total: Lin, Ning, yuan, Xuan, Tong, Jiang, Dong, he, Ji, Chang, Zhe and Shan. After that, each dynasty changed its year number once, and cast a new year number of money, then cast the five patterns as samples, from Kangxi Tongbao to Xuantong Tongbao, a total of ten. Besides, there are the unsettled Qixiang Tongbao cast in the early days of Tongzhi. Daoguang Tongbao is also a five pattern of Shunzhi Tongbao, and it tends to Jiaqing Tongbao. Therefore, Daoguang Tongbao has the shadow of Shunzhi and Jiaqing Tongbao.

大日本银币是近代流入我国外国银元中较为常见的一个品种,因币面有飞龙图案,故俗称为日本龙洋。日本初铸银圆,其意是驱逐当时在日本大肆横行的本洋(双柱)、鹰洋,统一货币。由于头版的龙银铸量少,人们一时不能接受,结果这场银圆战是以日本龙洋的大败而终。明治七年到明治三十年,日本仿照西方当时的风气,实行金本位制,发行了多种面值的金币,次年停铸银圆。此项措施引起日本人的巨大恐慌,纷纷抛售银圆,套购黄金。为了防止人们用龙洋到日本国内套换黄金,日本政府准备将手头上约2百万枚销往中国、台湾、朝鲜等地。

The large Japanese silver coin is one of the most common foreign silver coins that flowed into China in modern times. Japan's initial coinage of the silver dollar meant to expel the two pillars and Yingyang, which were rampant in Japan at that time, and to unify the currency. Due to the small amount of dragon silver cast on the front page, people can't accept it for a while. As a result, the silver war ended in the defeat of Japan's Dragon ocean. From the seventh year to the thirtieth year of Meiji, Japan imitated the western fashion at that time and implemented the gold standard system. It issued a variety of gold coins with different denominations, and stopped casting silver dollars the next year. This measure caused a huge panic in Japan, selling silver dollars and buying gold. In order to prevent people from using Longyang to exchange gold in Japan, the Japanese government is going to sell about 2 million pieces on hand to China, Taiwan, North Korea and other places.

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轩宇艺术有幸征得两枚古钱币,分别是道光通宝和明治二十七年大日本银币。道光通宝钱币外圆内方,正面钤有“道光通宝”四字,背面钤有满文,此信息表明其铸造局。其字迹深俊,铜质精良,铸工精细,字体清晰端庄,笔画圆润工整,中间穿正方形孔,在日光的照射下更散发出熠熠光辉。整币纹脉清晰。且品相完好,极具收藏价值。

Xuanyu art was lucky to obtain two ancient coins, namely, Daoguang Tongbao and Japan silver coin in the 27th year of Meiji. Daoguang Tongbao coins are round on the outside and inside, with four characters of "Daoguang Tongbao" on the front and Manchu on the back, indicating its casting Bureau. Its handwriting is deep and handsome, copper quality is excellent, casting work is fine, the font is clear and dignified, the strokes are round and neat, the square hole is put in the middle, and it is more shining under the sunlight. The whole coin has clear veins. Moreover, the products are in good condition and of great collection value.

明治二十七年大日本钱币正面图案为汉字“一圆”,上方为太阳图案,周围以樱花枝叶环绕,下部图案为绸带扎成的同心结;背面为圈珠环绕的飞龙戏珠图案,龙外圈珠,珠外有“大日本,明治二十七年(1894年)”和“416 ONE YEN 900”字样。其制作精美,图案考究,文字清秀,内容丰富,银光灿烂,其貌可人。此枚大日本明治银币虽经历了无穷岁月,但纹路依然清晰可见,上面的迹象也见证了其历史的积淀,具有非常明显的历史过渡性特征,有着难以言喻的收藏价值。

In the 27th year of Meiji, the obverse design of the Japanese coins is the Chinese character "Yiyuan", the upper part is the sun pattern, surrounded by cherry blossom branches and leaves, and the lower part is the concentric knot made of silk ribbon; the back part is the flying dragon playing the Pearl pattern surrounded by the circle bead, and the outer circle bead of the dragon has the words "Japan, 1894" and "416 one yen 900" outside the bead. Its production is exquisite, the design is exquisite, the writing is beautiful, the content is rich, the silver is brilliant, its appearance is lovely. Although the Meiji silver coin of great Japan has gone through endless years, its lines are still clear, and the above signs also witness its historical accumulation. It has a very obvious historical transitional feature and an indescribable collection value.

而近两年此类古钱币价值更是连连攀高,其中有两点原因,其一因此类古钱币在几年前已被收藏家大量出手收购,所剩无几,其二因由于此类古钱币被大量收购后,市场一度出现断层,再次出现在交易会上,没收藏到的收藏家,都愿以高昂价格将其拍卖得手,因此去年与今年的古钱币在大众的热烈炒作和追求下,其价值连攀高峰。因此,人们逐渐意识到钱币收藏的意义和价值,古钱币的收藏,创造出来了神话般的奇迹,古币虽然早已不再作为钱币在市面上流通使用,但却有着非凡的收藏价值,从而给收藏者带来了意想不到的财富。

In the past two years, the value of such ancient coins has been rising continuously. There are two reasons. One is that such coins have been bought by collectors a few years ago, and there are few left. The other is that after such coins were purchased in large quantities, the market once broke down and appeared again in the trade fairs. Collectors who confiscated them are willing to auction them at high prices. Last year and this year, the value of ancient coins has climbed to its peak under the intense hype and pursuit of the public. Therefore, people gradually realize the significance and value of coin collection. The collection of ancient coins has created a mythical miracle. Although ancient coins are no longer used as coins in the market, they have extraordinary collection value, which brings unexpected wealth to collectors.

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此古钱币感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

Enriching artistic life and transferring artistic value! If you are interested in this group of ancient coins, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) Art Media Co., Ltd.

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!

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轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

 

联系地址:广州市天河区珠江新城华夏路30号富力盈通大厦808

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Tags:艺术 古钱 鉴赏 道光 通宝 大日本 银币