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轩宇艺术瓷器鉴赏:红釉瓷鼻祖-长沙窑

核心提示: 据资料记载,长沙窑又名“铜官窑”或“瓦渣坪窑”,是我国唐至民国时期南方地区的著名窑场之一。长沙窑始烧于中唐,盛于晚唐。A...

据资料记载,长沙窑又名“铜官窑”或“瓦渣坪窑”,是我国唐至民国时期南方地区的著名窑场之一。长沙窑始烧于中唐,盛于晚唐。

According to records, Changsha kiln, also known as "Tongguan kiln" or "wazauping kiln", is one of the famous kilns in the south of China from Tang Dynasty to the Republic of China. Changsha kiln began to burn in the middle Tang Dynasty and flourished in the late Tang Dynasty.

长沙窑在我国陶瓷史上占有着极其重要的地位,但历史文献上对该窑未有过多记载,以至于以往人们对长沙窑的历史和工艺都知之甚少。在建国以后,大量考古学家对此展开调研,通过各处遗址以及其地方志等各种文献资料作出大量有价值的工作研究。使得人们对长沙窑的历史演变、生产规模、器型纹饰等等各方面获得了较为全面的认识。且被认为是继岳麓书院之后湖湘文化的第二块瑰宝,被不少人视为现代艺术创作的灵感源泉。与当时占据统治地位的“南青北白”相比,长沙窑瓷器色彩丰富,造型多样,装饰技法与众不同,生产数量极多,价格便宜,因此不仅是唐代湖南普通百姓最常见的日用瓷器,同时还远销海外。

Changsha kiln occupies an extremely important position in the history of China's ceramics, but there are not too many records of the kiln in the historical documents, so that people in the past know little about the history and technology of Changsha kiln. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, a large number of archaeologists carried out research on this, and made a lot of valuable work through various documents and materials such as sites and local chronicles. It makes people have a more comprehensive understanding of the historical evolution, production scale, pattern and other aspects of Changsha kiln. It is regarded as the second treasure of Hunan culture after Yuelu Academy, and it is regarded as the inspiration source of modern art creation by many people. Compared with the "Nanqing beibai" which occupied the dominant position at that time, Changsha Kiln porcelain was rich in color, diverse in shape, distinctive in decoration techniques, with a large number of production and low in price. Therefore, it was not only the most common daily-use porcelain of Hunan ordinary people in the Tang Dynasty, but also exported abroad.

长沙窑以其高超的工艺和鲜明的个性在当时促进了中外经济、文化、艺术等各方面的交流,在中国陶瓷发展和外销史上具有举足轻重的意义。从制作工艺、装饰技巧等方面来首,长沙窑陶瓷集中体现了我国劳动人民的智慧,在异域文化上,长沙窑体现了强大的包容性,向全世界展现了中华民族海纳百川的博大胸襟,其造型具有划时代的意义。

Changsha kiln, with its superb technology and distinctive personality, promoted the exchange of economy, culture, art and other aspects between China and foreign countries at that time, and played an important role in the development and export history of China's ceramics. For the first time, from the aspects of production technology and decoration skills, Changsha Kiln Ceramics embodies the wisdom of the working people in China. In terms of foreign culture, Changsha kiln embodies a strong inclusiveness and shows the world the broad mind of the Chinese nation embracing all rivers. Its shape has epoch-making significance.

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轩宇艺术有幸征得一件长沙窑花卉碗,瓷碗敞口、敛腹、圈足,通体施白釉,器型规整,胎质细腻,釉色温润,线条流畅,瓷质洁白细腻,颜料勾勒自然流畅,发色纯正,用料考究,色彩艳丽,颜色搭配恰到好处,呈现和谐之美,极具收藏与欣赏价值。

Xuanyu art has the honor to obtain a Changsha kiln flower bowl. The bowl is open, round, and covered with white glaze. The shape of the bowl is regular, the texture is fine, the glaze color is warm and smooth, the lines are smooth, the porcelain is white and delicate, the paint outline is natural and smooth, the hair color is pure, the material is exquisite, the color is gorgeous, the color matching is just right, presenting the beauty of harmony, and has great collection and appreciation value.

长沙窑不仅从单一的褐彩逐渐发展到褐绿两色的彩绘,而且由于彩色在釉下,还具有色彩艳丽、永不褪色的特征。在纹饰的取材,也从瓷器图案装饰画转移到写意画上来,如各种花草、鸟兽与人物等。长沙窑把中国的水墨画技法运用到瓷器的装饰上,要较之北方宋代磁州窑为更早。

Changsha kiln has not only developed from a single brown color to a brown green two-color painting, but also has the characteristics of bright colors and never fading due to the color under the glaze. The selection of decorative materials has also been transferred from porcelain decorative painting to freehand brushwork, such as various flowers and plants, birds and animals, and people. Changsha kiln applied Chinese ink painting techniques to the decoration of porcelain earlier than Cizhou kiln in the Northern Song Dynasty.

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此件瓷器感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in this porcelain, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) art media Co., Ltd.

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!

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轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

 

联系地址:广州市天河区珠江新城华夏路30号富力盈通大厦808

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Tags:艺术 瓷器 鉴赏 鼻祖 长沙