Ancient mirror means big basin. Its name is Jian. "Shuowen" said: "the prison can take water in the bright moon, because it can be seen according to the line, so used as a mirror At the beginning of the three dynasties, the wardens were all made of tiles to hold water as mirrors, so there was no gold character beside the ancient wardens. In the early years of the Shang Dynasty, bronze inscriptions began to be cast, and later the inscriptions also had gold characters. In the Shang and Zhou dynasties, although there were bronze inscriptions, wajian was still popular. It was only in Qin Dynasty that a large number of bronze mirrors were cast. Because the application of mirrors was superior to that of mirror identification, there was no need to use water for mirror identification after Qin Dynasty. After the Qin and Han Dynasties, the use of mirrors became more extensive and the production of mirrors became more sophisticated. Its materials include gold, silver, copper and iron, most of which are copper. There are also gold-plated, bread backed or inlaid with gold and silver wires. Since the Sui and Tang Dynasties, there have been handle and square patterns. Until the end of Ming Dynasty, there began to use glass as a mirror. After Qianlong in Qing Dynasty, glass began to flourish among the people. Until the early years of the Republic of China, a few remote areas had copper as a mirror.
The bronze mirrors are round, rectangular, square, diamond, sunflower, shield, bottle, bell, peach, etc. The patterns have their own characteristics: in the Yin and Shang Dynasties, veins, parallel lines, and multiple circles of convex strings were used; in the Western Zhou Dynasty, heavy rings, birds and animals were used; in the spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, mountain characters, phoenix patterns, and flat patterns were used; in the Han Dynasty, in addition to the Warring States mirror patterns, the most popular patterns were regular patterns (local patterns), grass leaves patterns, nebulae patterns, even arc inscriptions, and bat shaped persimmons Tilian arc pattern, etc.; in the Three Kingdoms, two Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties, animal pattern, deformed four leaf pattern, auspicious animal pattern, etc.; in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, auspicious animal pattern, four God pattern, flower and bird pattern, Baoxiang pattern, sea animal grape pattern, twelve zodiac image pattern, etc.; since the Five Dynasties, due to political changes, bronze mirror casting also has obvious era differences and unique national style.
Xuanyu art has the honor to obtain an official bronze mirror. After a long time of washing, the bronze mirror has been covered by copper rust, and the whole is well protected. The bronze mirror is in the shape of a circle. The back of the mirror starts from the button seat and is engraved with various ancient patterns outside the center of the round button. This bronze mirror adopts flat carving technique, with flat mirror surface, flat pattern, simple mirror edge and strong decoration. It has great collection value.
The bronze mirror is generally divided into mirror surface, that is, the front side of the mirror, which is bright and can shine on the surface; the back of the mirror, which is often cast with various patterns and inscriptions; the mirror button, which is in the center of the mirror back, has holes and can be tied with ropes, which can be held or tied on the mirror platform; the button base, which is around the button, is the decorative part of the button. In addition, it can be divided into inner area, middle area and outer area, that is, the parts with decorative patterns on the back of the mirror; inscription belt, that is, the parts with inscriptions, that is, the inscriptions on the back of the mirror. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, bronze mirrors were decorated with patterns and animals, while bronze mirrors with inscriptions gradually disappeared.
Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in this bronze mirror, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) art media Co., Ltd!
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