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轩宇艺术:世纪经典传承-康熙字典

核心提示: 康熙字典是清代康熙年间出版的图书,作者是张玉书、陈廷敬等,它是在明朝梅膺祚《字汇》、张自烈《正字通》两书的基础上加以增订...

康熙字典是清代康熙年间出版的图书,作者是张玉书、陈廷敬等,它是在明朝梅膺祚《字汇》、张自烈《正字通》两书的基础上加以增订的。该书的编撰工作始于康熙四十九年即公元1710年,成书于康熙五十五年即公元1716年,历时六年,因此书名叫《康熙字典》。《康熙字典》由总纂官张玉书、陈廷敬主持,修纂官凌绍霄、史夔、周起渭、陈世儒等合力完成。字典采用部首分类法,按笔画排列单字,字典全书分为十二集,以十二地支标识,每集又分为上、中、下三卷,并按韵母、声调以及音节分类排列韵母表及其对应汉字,共收录汉字四万七千零三十五个(47035个),为汉字研究的主要参考文献之一。

Kangxi dictionary is a book published in Kangxi period of Qing Dynasty. The author is Zhang Yushu, Chen Tingjing, etc. it was updated on the basis of meiyingzuo's vocabulary and Zhang Zilie's zhengzitong in Ming Dynasty. The compilation of the book began in 1710 ad, the 49th year of Kangxi, and finished in 1716 ad, the 55th year of Kangxi. It lasted six years. Therefore, the book is called Kangxi dictionary. The Kangxi dictionary was presided over by Zhang Yushu and Chen Tingjing, the chief editor, and Ling Shaoxiao, Shi Kui, Zhou Qiwei and Chen Shi - Fu were all accomplished together.The dictionary uses the radical classification method to arrange the single characters according to the strokes. The whole dictionary is divided into twelve parts, each of which is marked by twelve Branches. Each part is divided into three volumes, i.e. upper, middle and lower volumes. It also arranges the vowel tables and their corresponding Chinese characters according to the vowels, tones and syllables. It contains 47035 Chinese characters in total, which is one of the main references for the study of Chinese characters.

《康熙字典》作为我国古代字书的集大成者具有以下特点:收字多,字之别体、俗写均录,字体似而音义异者编为“疑似”,另列“备考”、“补正”;注音最全面,搜罗字音完备,凡是韵书所载依序排列;释义求古,义例多为原始出处。这些优点极大方便了经复古思想浓郁的封建士子,故而被誉为“体例精密,考证赅洽,诚字学之源薮,艺苑之津梁”(王引之语)。虽然它也有缺点,自清王引之至今,代有研究补正者,且嗣后在其基础上出现了《汉语大字典》、《中文大字典》,但是由于编纂目的不同,《康熙字典》注重“古”而后继者服务于“今”,故时至今日《康熙字典》仍有不可替代的作用,是阅读古籍、整理古文献、从事古文化研究的重要参考书,尤其是在俗文学研究如敦煌学领域,它是手头必备之书。《康熙字典》自问世以来,版本众多,据不完全统计有100多种

Kangxi dictionary, as a collection of ancient Chinese character books, has the following characteristics: a large number of characters are collected, the types of characters and common writing are recorded, the characters with similar characters and different sounds and meanings are compiled as "suspected", another list of "for reference" and "correction"; the most comprehensive phonetic notation, including complete pronunciation, all rhymes are arranged in order; the interpretation of ancient, meaning examples are mostly the original source. These advantages have greatly facilitated the feudal scholars with strong retro thoughts. Therefore, they are known as "precise style, comprehensive textual research, the source of sincere word learning, and the Jinliang of art garden" (Wang Yinzhi). Although it also has some shortcomings, since the introduction of the Qing Dynasty by the king, there have been studies and corrections on its behalf, and later appeared on its basis the big Chinese dictionary and the big Chinese dictionary. However, due to the different compilation purposes, Kangxi dictionary pays attention to the "ancient" and the later serves the "present", so today's Kangxi dictionary still plays an irreplaceable role in reading ancient books and sorting out ancient documents It is an important reference book for the study of ancient culture, especially in the field of popular literature such as Dunhuang studies. Since Kangxi dictionary was published, there are many versions. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 100 versions.

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轩宇艺术有幸征得一套康熙字典,此康熙字典共有二十四本,乃咸丰年出版,虽经历史长河的颠沛流离,但其多数内容页纸未有损失,除开封面,其书内纸本被保护的完好,且翻开内容可看出亦有被古人翻阅过无数遍,咸丰年间,南方根据《康熙字典》内容修订其各地官话,当时出版了新的康熙字典,此套应是其中一套,极具研究价值

Xuanyu art was lucky to obtain a set of Kangxi dictionary. There are twenty-four Kangxi dictionaries published in Xianfeng. Although they have been displaced by a long history, most of their content pages have not been lost. In addition to the cover, the paper in the book is well protected, and it can be seen that they have been read by the ancients many times. During Xianfeng, the South revised them according to the content of Kangxi dictionary At that time, a new Kangxi dictionary was published, which should be one of them, with great research value.

俗话说 “纸贵千年”,纸质书本长久无损地保存下来,并非易事,由此可知,古籍善本的收藏价值潜力无穷。

As the saying goes, "paper is precious for thousands of years", it is not easy for paper books to be preserved for a long time without damage. Therefore, the collection value potential of ancient books is infinite.

据了解,随着整体艺术品市场的火爆,也带动了原本一直不温不火的古籍善本行情,上升趋势有目共睹,一批批古籍珍本屡屡打破古玩交易市场的成交价格记录。一时间,古籍善本收藏市场的价值潜力受到了不小的关注,成为了古玩收藏市场上的一个收藏热点,前景非常可观,堪称古玩收藏中的潜力股。

It is understood that with the popularity of the overall art market, it has also led to the market of rare books of ancient books that have not been heated. The rising trend is obvious to all. A number of rare books of ancient books have repeatedly broken the transaction price record in the antique trading market. For a while, the value potential of the collection market of ancient books has attracted considerable attention, and has become a collection hotspot in the antique collection market. The prospect is very considerable, which can be called the potential stock in the antique collection.

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此套康熙字典感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in Kangxi dictionary, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) art media Co., Ltd!

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!

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中国书画:历代著名画家及近现代名人绘画精品等;

中国陶瓷:历代陶瓷精品等高端艺术品;

翡翠玉器:明清玉、高古玉、近现代玉器、翡翠等;

杂项精品:木雕、印章、奇石、文房用品、古籍善本等。

 

轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

 

联系地址:广州市天河区珠江新城华夏路30号富力盈通大厦808

公司官网:www.xuanyuart.com

联系电话:400-156-3599

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