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轩宇艺术古币鉴赏:万众所期—袁世凯银币

核心提示: 乱世黄金贵,盛世古董珍。随着中国的经济的发展以及一系列的财富泡沫破裂,如股市、楼盘、互联网项目等,中国市场迎来了一股收藏...

乱世黄金贵,盛世古董珍。随着中国的经济的发展以及一系列的财富泡沫破裂,如股市、楼盘、互联网项目等,中国市场迎来了一股收藏热潮。

Gold is precious in troubled times, and Dong Zhen in prosperous times. With China's economic development and a series of wealth bubbles burst, such as stock market, real estate, Internet projects, China's market has ushered in a collection craze.

投资者纷纷从这些投资领域转向了收藏品市场,从而将一直不温不火的收藏品市场炒至热火朝天,一些瓷器字画屡有天价拍出,吸引众多新的投资者的资金投入。珍稀瓷器字画从几十万到百多万在二十年间一路高涨到动辄上千万,甚至也不乏过亿天价藏品。

Investors have turned from these investment fields to the collection market, which has been tepid and hot. Some porcelain calligraphy and painting have been sold at a high price, attracting many new investors' investment. From hundreds of thousands to more than one million, precious porcelain calligraphy and paintings have soared to tens of millions in the past two decades, and there are even collections of over one hundred million yuan.

由于瓷器字画市场的火热,且后来者在瓷器字画市场的错失先机,让众人关注起了新兴的古钱币市场。期望着瓷器字画的财富神话也在钱币市场中产生。

Due to the hot market of porcelain calligraphy and painting, and the missed opportunities of the later in the market, people pay attention to the emerging ancient money market. It is expected that the wealth myth of porcelain calligraphy and painting will also be produced in the money market.

随着新注入的投资者的追捧,钱币市场一下子进入高速发展时期,一些珍稀钱币价格也是一路高涨。大家从众多古钱币中寻找可以制造财富神话的钱币,寄希将其捧起。

With the pursuit of new investors, the money market has entered a period of rapid development, and the prices of some rare coins have been rising all the way. We look for coins from many ancient coins that can make wealth myths and hope to hold them up.

其中大清钱币、孙中山钱币及袁世凯钱币成了近现代中众人的热爱。而由于大清钱币分类太多,无法形成一定规模的统一性,在收藏品市场虽然很受热爱,但却无法成为众人的心头爱。

Among them, the Qing Dynasty coins, Sun Yat Sen coins and Yuan Shikai coins became the love of modern people. Because there were too many kinds of coins in Qing Dynasty, it could not form a certain scale of unity. Although it was very popular in the collection market, it could not become the love of all people.

孙中山钱币和袁世凯钱币时旗鼓相当的,而在两者之中,其所代表的意义不一致,孙中山钱币代表的是终结一个封建时代和开启开放共和时代的意义,其当选总统44天。

Sun Yat Sen's coins and Yuan Shikai's coins are of the same standard, but in the two, they represent different meanings. Sun Yat Sen's coins represent the significance of ending a feudal era and opening an open Republic era. He was elected president for 44 days.

而袁世凯则是代表着延续共和时代和恢复帝制时代的意义,就任大总统近3年,做了83天的皇帝,同时袁世凯作为清朝真正的终结者,其意义无与伦比,因此袁世凯钱币在货币收藏界有银元之宝的称誉,被众人称之为“袁大头”。

Yuan Shikai, on the other hand, represents the significance of continuing the Republican era and restoring the imperial era. He served as the great president for nearly three years and was the emperor for 83 days. At the same time, as the real terminator of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai's significance is unparalleled. Therefore, yuan Shikai's coins are known as the treasure of silver in the field of currency collection and are called "yuan Dazou".

袁大头是民国时期主要流通货币之一,“袁大头”是对袁世凯像系列硬币的口语俗称,严谨点说叫“袁世凯像背嘉禾银币”。在清朝灭亡之后,1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。

Yuan Datou was one of the main circulating currencies in the Republic of China. Yuan Datou is a colloquial term for Yuan Shikai's series of coins, which is strictly called "Yuan Shikai carries Jiahe silver coins on his back". After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912.

北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨已久,且北洋政府同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,于是便决定铸发国币。

In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money, the circulation of more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies, different specifications, chaotic circulation, tedious conversion and long-standing public resentment, the Beiyang government also wanted to solve the military expenditure problem by means of currency restructuring, so it decided to cast and issue national currency.

袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,把他的头像铸于币面,“袁大头”由此而来。1914年2月7日,袁世凯以大总统令形式公布了《国币条例》及《国币条例施行细则》,其主要内容是规定钱币的铸造发行权归民国政府所有,原先的各个官局所铸造发行的1元银元,由民国政府兑换并改铸,在一点的时期内,承认它们的价值等同于国币1元的价值。国币中的主币是1元银元,其重量是库平纯银六钱四分八厘,材质是银占89%,铜占10%,锡占1%,一枚成品银元的重量是7钱2分。规定国币种类有银币4种(壹圆、中圆、贰角、壹角)、镍币一种(五分)、铜币五种(二分、一分、五厘、二厘、一厘)。正面镌袁世凯侧面头像及发行年号,背面铸嘉禾纹饰与币值。《国币条例》公布同年先在天津造币厂铸造“袁大头”壹圆银币,后在南京、广东、武昌等造币厂陆续铸造。

In order to improve his ruling position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "yuan Dazou" came from this. On February 7, 1914, Yuan Shikai promulgated the regulations on national currency and the detailed rules for the implementation of the regulations on national currency in the form of a presidential decree. The main content of the regulations is to stipulate that the right to cast and issue coins belongs to the government of the Republic of China. The original 1 yuan silver coins cast and issued by various government bureaus were exchanged and converted by the government of the Republic of China. In a little period of time, they were recognized as equivalent to the value of 1 yuan of national currency. The main currency of the national currency is silver dollar of 1 yuan, with the weight of 6 yuan, 4 Fen and 8 cm of Kuping pure silver, the material of which is silver accounting for 89%, copper accounting for 10%, tin accounting for 1%, and the weight of a finished silver dollar is 7 yuan, 2 fen. According to the regulations, there are four types of national currency: silver coin (one yuan, middle yuan, two jiao, one jiao), nickel coin (five Fen), copper coin (two Fen, one fen, five li, two Li, one Li). On the obverse, Yuan Shikai's side head and issue year are engraved, and on the reverse, Jiahe pattern and currency value are cast. In the same year, according to the regulations of the state on coins, yuan Datou one yuan silver coins were first minted in Tianjin mint, and then successively minted in Nanjing, Guangdong, Wuchang and other mints.

由于袁大头银元铸造的时间长,参与铸造的造币厂多,此种类又分为常见的民国3年、9年、10年,稀有的5年、8年。其中3、9、10又有其他版本细分。其中3年分别有普通版、七脸版、鹰洋边版、签字版等等,9年有分普通版、粗发版、中发版、精发版、大肩章版、南海版等等,10年有标准版、T点年版、缺口中版、竖年版、九像版等等。

Because of the long time of Yuan Datou's silver coinage, many mints participated in the coinage. This kind of coinage can be divided into three, nine, ten years in the Republic of China, and five and eight years in the rare period. Among them, 3, 9, 10 have other versions of subdivision. Among them, three years are common edition, seven-face edition, Yingyang Edge edition, Signature Edition and so on. Nine years are common edition, rough edition, Chinese edition, fine edition, shoulder seal edition, South China Sea edition and so on. Ten years are standard edition, T-point edition, gap edition, vertical edition, nine-image edition and so on.

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轩宇艺术有幸征得枚民国九年袁像钱币,钱币的正面中间为袁像戎装左侧面像,上方为“中华民国九年造”,背面图案是两株交叉的稻穗,中央为“壹圆”字样。纹饰线条粗细均匀,笔画堪畅自然,层次感强,视觉效果好,钱文清秀俊逸,浮雕感明显,可见匠师的雕刻工艺十分高超。藏品采用上乘贵金属银材质精制而成,银光灿烂,图案考究,外观造型美观,质感甚佳。藏品虽经历了无穷岁月,但纹路依然清晰可见,极具收藏价值。

Xuanyu art was lucky enough to obtain a coin of Yuan Xiang in the ninth year of the Republic of China. In the middle of the obverse side was the left side of Yuan Xiang's military uniform, the top side was "made in the ninth year of the Republic of China", the back side was two intersecting spikes of rice, and the central side was "one circle". The lines are uniform, the strokes are smooth and natural, the sense of hierarchy is strong, the visual effect is good, Qian Wenqing is elegant, the sense of relief is obvious, which shows that the craftsman's carving technology is very excellent. The collection is made of high-quality precious metal silver, with brilliant silver, exquisite design, beautiful appearance and texture. Although the collection has gone through endless years, the lines are still clear and have great collection value. 

通过银铜机制币的研究了解,可反映出我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,且像这种钱币处于特殊的历史时代背景,更是值得收藏与研究。也正是这历史银河中组成的重要部分。就其特定的历史时期也使它在钱币史上占据着重要的地。而且材质珍贵,艺术价值高,由贵重金属或白银合金铸造,制作精美,图案考究,文字清秀,内容丰富,银光灿烂,其貌可人,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。

Through the study of silver copper mechanism coins, it can reflect the rise and fall of modern history, economy and finance in China, and such coins are in a special historical background, which is worth collecting and studying. It is also an important part of this historical galaxy. Its specific historical period also makes it occupy an important place in the history of coins. Moreover, the material is precious and the artistic value is high. It is made of precious metal or silver alloy. It is exquisitely made, with exquisite design, beautiful writing, rich content, brilliant silver and charming appearance. It also has a certain function of preserving and appreciating value.

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此古钱币感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in this group of ancient coins, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) art media Co., Ltd!

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!

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中国书画:历代著名画家及近现代名人绘画精品等;

中国陶瓷:历代陶瓷精品等高端艺术品;

翡翠玉器:明清玉、高古玉、近现代玉器、翡翠等;

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轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

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Tags:艺术 古币 鉴赏 万众 袁世凯 银币